Are You at Risk for AFib?
Atrial Fibrillation (AFib for short) is a little known electrical problem of the heart that isn’t easy to pronounce. But the racing and fluttering in the heart that are its symptoms can be warning signs of heart failure, or of a pending heart attack or stroke.
Beebe Healthcare joins the Heart Rhythm Society and the National Stroke Association in encouraging community members to pay attention to their heartbeat, to how they feel, and to learn about the most common type of irregular heartbeat.
What is AFib?
AFib occurs when the heart’s normal electrical signals that make it pump don’t work the way they should. They make the heart ‘fibrillate,’ and consequently the blood does not circulate efficiently throughout our bodies. This can lead to the formation of dangerous blood clots in the arteries.
- Though a rapid heartbeat is an important symptom, often the patient does not feel the irregular beat.
- Dizziness or even fainting
- Chest pain
- Shortness of breath
Who is at risk and what are the risk factors?
Today, there are millions of people in the United States with AFib, and the number is growing, according to the National Institutes of Health. While the risk increases as we age, more than half of the people in the United States with AFib are younger than 75 years of age.
Risk Factors include:
- High blood pressure
- Heart disease and/or diabetes
- Structural defects of the heart such as mitral valve prolapse
- Lung disease
- Life style behaviors such as consumption of alcohol, caffeine, smoking, and stress
Treatment and living with AFib
There are many treatments available for AFib, starting with several different medications used to restore and maintain the heartbeat. Cardiologists also encourage patients to control stress, to exercise and to improve their diet. If lifestyle modification and medication does not alleviate the irregularity, cardiac electrophysiologists (cardiologists who specialize in disorders and diseases of the heart’s electrical system) can perform procedures to destroy diseased tissue in the heart that cause the AFib. These procedures include catheter ablations (cryoballoon and radiofrequency).
It is important that people, especially as they get older, pay attention to their heartbeats, and to how they feel. Luckily, Beebe utilizes many treatment options for AFib, as well as for other heart rhythm disorders and diseases. With treatment and lifestyle modification, many people can recover and once again enjoy quality of life.”
For more information on Cardiac & Vascular Services at Beebe Healthcare, call Carrie Snyder, Cardiac & Vascular Nurse Navigator at (844) 316-3334.